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Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment
  • Author : Kenneth L Nash
  • Publsiher : Elsevier
  • Release : 15 March 2011
  • ISBN : 0857092278
  • Pages : 512 pages
  • Rating : 1/5 from 1 ratings
GET THIS BOOKAdvanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Summary:
Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment processes. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers in this field. A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment


Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment
  • Author : Kenneth L Nash,Gregg J Lumetta
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 15 March 2011
GET THIS BOOKAdvanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation

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New Separation Chemistry Techniques for Radioactive Waste and Other Specific Applications

New Separation Chemistry Techniques for Radioactive Waste and Other Specific Applications
  • Author : Messrs L. Cecille,M. Casarci,L. Pietrelli
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 06 December 2012
GET THIS BOOKNew Separation Chemistry Techniques for Radioactive Waste and Other Specific Applications

The purpose of this technical seminar was to evaluate the present state of the art in matter of advanced separation techniques like solvent extraction, ion-exchange, chemical precipitation, membrane and electrical processes for the treatment of radioactive liquid waste and a selection of some specific industrial non-radioactive effluents. Through this initiative, the organisers aimed at promoting the exchange of information between scientists from various origins (universities, research centres and industries) while contributing to the necessary overcoming of the artificial barriers which

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Nuclear Wastes

Nuclear Wastes
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 23 February 1996
GET THIS BOOKNuclear Wastes

Disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear weapons production and power generation has caused public outcry and political consternation. Nuclear Wastes presents a critical review of some waste management and disposal alternatives to the current national policy of direct disposal of light water reactor spent fuel. The book offers clearcut conclusions for what the nation should do today and what solutions should be explored for tomorrow. The committee examines the currently used "once-through" fuel cycle versus different alternatives of separations and

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Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing

Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing
  • Author : Reid Peterson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 15 November 2019
GET THIS BOOKEngineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing

Engineering Separations Unit Operations for Nuclear Processing provides insight into the fundamentals of separations in nuclear materials processing not covered in typical texts. This book integrates fuel cycle and waste processing into a single, coherent approach, demonstrating that the principles from one field can and should be applied to the other. It provides historical perspectives on nuclear materials processing, current assessment and challenges, and how past challenges were overcome. It also provides understanding of the engineering principles associated with handling

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Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel
  • Author : Robin Taylor
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 April 2015
GET THIS BOOKReprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles. Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. Parts Two and Three focus on aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods, while final chapters consider the cross-cutting aspects of engineering and process chemistry and the potential

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Nuclear Wastes

Nuclear Wastes
  • Author : Committee on Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 08 March 1996
GET THIS BOOKNuclear Wastes

Disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear weapons production and power generation has caused public outcry and political consternation. Nuclear Wastes presents a critical review of some waste management and disposal alternatives to the current national policy of direct disposal of light water reactor spent fuel. The book offers clearcut conclusions for what the nation should do today and what solutions should be explored for tomorrow. The committee examines the currently used "once-through" fuel cycle versus different alternatives of separations and

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Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Waste Management

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Waste Management
  • Author : Zhang Jinsuo
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 07 August 2018
GET THIS BOOKNuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Waste Management

The question of how to effectively, efficiently, and responsibly manage used nuclear fuels is a concern of major impediment in the light of today's increasing usage of nuclear power and development of advanced nuclear reactors. This book focuses on two significant areas of (used) nuclear fuel: the reprocessing technology, and waste disposal and management. The book covers the fundamental knowledge, the current state-of-the-art, and future research activities for each topic. This book provides readers with the fundamental knowledge behind of

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Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies
  • Author : Michael I Ojovan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 24 January 2011
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development

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Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes
  • Author : Agustin Alonso
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 19 January 2012
GET THIS BOOKInfrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

The potential development of any nuclear power programme should include a rigorous justification process reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information necessary for implementation, given the long term commitments involved in any new nuclear power project. Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes reviews the fundamental issues and approaches to nuclear power justification in countries considering nuclear new build or redevelopment. Part one covers the infrastructure requirements for any new nuclear power programme, with chapters detailing

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Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning
  • Author : Michele Laraia
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 21 February 2012
GET THIS BOOKNuclear Decommissioning

Once a nuclear installation has reached the end of its safe and economical operational lifetime, the need for its decommissioning arises. Different strategies can be employed for nuclear decommissioning, based on the evaluation of particular hazards and their attendant risks, as well as on the analysis of costs of clean-up and waste management. This allows for decommissioning either soon after permanent shutdown, or perhaps a long time later, the latter course allowing for radioactivity levels to drop in any activated

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Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 26 October 2010
GET THIS BOOKUnderstanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation

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Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste
  • Author : Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 27 July 2010
GET THIS BOOKGeological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological disposal has been internationally adopted as the most effective approach to assure the long-term, safe disposition of the used nuclear fuels and radioactive waste materials produced from nuclear power generation, nuclear weapons programs, medical, treatments, and industrial applications. Geological repository systems take advantage of natural geological barriers augmented with engineered barrier systems to isolate these radioactive materials from the environment and from future populations. Geological repository systems for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive waste critically reviews

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Liquid-Phase Extraction

Liquid-Phase Extraction
  • Author : Colin F. Poole
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 29 August 2019
GET THIS BOOKLiquid-Phase Extraction

Liquid Phase Extraction thoroughly presents both existing and new techniques in liquid phase extraction. It not only provides all information laboratory scientists need for choosing and utilizing suitable sample preparation procedures for any kind of sample, but also showcases the contemporary uses of sample preparation techniques in the most important industrial and academic project environments, including countercurrent chromatography, pressurized-liquid extraction, single-drop Microextraction, and more. Written by recognized experts in their respective fields, it serves as a one-stop reference for those

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Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 28 February 2015
GET THIS BOOKAdvances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and

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Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance
  • Author : Richard Folkson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 19 March 2014
GET THIS BOOKAlternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance

Most vehicles run on fossil fuels, and this presents a major emissions problem as demand for fuel continues to increase. Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies gives an overview of key developments in advanced fuels and vehicle technologies to improve the energy efficiency and environmental impact of the automotive sector. Part I considers the role of alternative fuels such as electricity, alcohol, and hydrogen fuel cells, as well as advanced additives and oils, in environmentally sustainable transport. Part II explores

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