- Author : C.N. Sivaramakrishnan
- Publsiher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
- Release : 08 February 2013
- ISBN : 0128089342
- Pages : 448 pages
- Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
Textiles that are primarily used for their performance or functional properties and not for their appearance or aesthetics are known as technical textiles. The industrial fabrics that are used for various industrial applications are also classified as technical textiles. Textile processing involves the use of different types of speciality chemicals during the course of conversion of textiles into finished fabrics, a large number of which generally are surface active agents, so much so that textile speciality chemicals are considered synonymous with surface active agents. This chapter discusses the theory of surface tension, the classification of surfactants, and the raw materials used and their end-use application on technical textiles along with their chemical structures. Natural surfactants along with their chemistries are also discussed in the chapter. Highlights concerning smart surfactants and Biodegradable surfactants are also mentioned.