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Axons and Brain Architecture

Axons and Brain Architecture
  • Author : Kathleen Rockland
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 21 November 2015
  • ISBN : 0128016825
  • Pages : 426 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKAxons and Brain Architecture

Summary:
Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other, is to some extent represented by retrograde tracer studies and labeled neurons, but there have so far been many fewer of the complementary anterograde studies, with total visualization of the axonal arborization. The present volume brings together in one source an interrelated treatment of single axons from the perspective of microcircuitry and as substrates of larger scale organization (tractography). Especially for the former area - axons in microcircuitry - an abundance of published data exists, but these are typically in specialty journals that are not often accessed by the broader community. By highlighting and unifying the span from microcircuitry to tractography, the proposed volume serves as a convenient reference source and in addition inspires further interactions between what currently tend to be separate communities. The volume also redresses the imbalance between in vitro/local connectivity and long-distance connections. Focusing on mammalian systems, Part 1 of this book is devoted to anatomical investigations of connections at the single axon level, drawing on modern techniques and classical methods from the 1990s. A particular emphasis is on broad coverage of cortical and subcortical connections from different species, so that common patterns of divergence, convergence, and collateralization can be easily appreciated. Part 2 addresses mechanisms of axon guidance, as these seem particularly relevant to pathways and branching patterns. Part 3 covers axon dynamics and functional aspects; and Part 4 focuses on tractography, notably including comparisons between histological substrates and imaging. A novel innovative reference on the axon as a connectional unit, encompassing microcircuitry, axon guidance, and function Featuring chapters from leading researchers in the field Full-colour text that includes both an overview of axon function and the multiple underlying molecular mechanisms The only volume to bring together the configuration of individual axons at a circuit level and to relate the histological geometry of axons and axon bundles to in vivo tractography imaging studies


Axons and Brain Architecture

Axons and Brain Architecture
  • Author : Kathleen Rockland
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 21 November 2015
GET THIS BOOKAxons and Brain Architecture

Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other,

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Discovering the Brain

Discovering the Brain
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Sandra Ackerman
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 01 January 1992
GET THIS BOOKDiscovering the Brain

The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the

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From Neurons to Neighborhoods

From Neurons to Neighborhoods
  • Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 13 November 2000
GET THIS BOOKFrom Neurons to Neighborhoods

How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from

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Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary

Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary
  • Author : Robert Jean Campbell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 25 June 2022
GET THIS BOOKCampbell's Psychiatric Dictionary

Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary is widely recognized as the definitive dictionary of psychiatry--up-to-date, comprehensive, and authoritative. Distinguished by its clarity and scholarship, it is unique among dictionaries in providing nearly encyclopedic discussions of many of the most important entries. The Ninth Edition is nearly double the size of the previous edition and has been updated, revised, and vastly expanded to cover the explosion of new words and terms in psychiatry (including terms reflective of the debate now informing the development of

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Myelin

Myelin
  • Author : Kazunori Sango,Junji Yamauchi,Toru Ogata,Keiichiro Susuki
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 23 November 2019
GET THIS BOOKMyelin

This book presents the latest exciting advances in understanding of the structure and function of myelin in the central and peripheral nervous systems under normal and pathological conditions. Readers will find state of the art information from the perspectives of both basic neuroscience and clinical neurology and neuropathology. Detailed attention is paid to the findings and implications of recent research on the myelin-forming glial cells such as oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. The discussion of myelin pathology encompasses a wide range

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Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

Handbook of Brain Microcircuits
  • Author : Gordon M. Shepherd,Sten Grillner
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 25 June 2022
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Brain Microcircuits

Updated and revised, the second edition of Handbook of Brain Microcircuits covers the functional organization of 50 brain regions. This now-classic text uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine the integration of structure, function, electrophysiology, pharmacology, brain imaging, and behavior. Through uniquely concise and authoritative chapters by leaders in their fields, the Handbook of Brain Microcircuits synthesizes many of the new principles of microcircuit organization that are defining a new era in understanding the brain connectome, integrating the major neuronal pathways and

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Clinical Neuroanatomy

Clinical Neuroanatomy
  • Author : Hans J. ten Donkelaar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 18 June 2020
GET THIS BOOKClinical Neuroanatomy

Connections define the functions of neurons: information flows along connections, as well as growth factors and viruses, and even neuronal death can progress through connections. Accordingly, knowing how the various parts of the brain are interconnected to form functional systems is a prerequisite for properly understanding data from all fields in the neurosciences. Clinical Neuroanatomy: Brain Circuitry and Its Disorders bridges the gap between neuroanatomy and clinical neurology. It focuses on human and primate data in the context of brain

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Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity
  • Author : Angelo Quartarone,Maria Felice Ghilardi,Francois Boller
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 14 January 2022
GET THIS BOOKNeuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity: From Bench to Bedside, Volume 184 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to neuroplasticity. Sections summarize the basic mechanisms of neuroplasticity, focus on neuroplasticity in movement disorders, discuss brain oscillations in neurological disorders, segue into plasticity in neurorehabilitation, and cover issues of inflammation and autoimmunity in neuroplasticity. The book concludes with a section on neuroplasticity and psychiatric disorders. Covers basic mechanisms and clinical treatment approaches in neurological disorders Includes inflammation, autoimmunity, genetics, neurophysiology, and

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The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem
  • Author : Karl Kandler PhD
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 22 August 2019
GET THIS BOOKThe Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

The Oxford Handbook of The Auditory Brainstem provides an introduction as well as an in-depth reference to the organization and function of ascending and descending auditory pathways in the mammalian brainstem. Individual chapters are organized along the auditory pathway beginning with the cochlea and ending with the auditory midbrain. Each chapter provides an introduction to the respective area, and summarizes our current knowledge before discussing disputes and challenges the field currently faces. A major emphasis throughout this book is on

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The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem
  • Author : Karl Kandler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 25 June 2022
GET THIS BOOKThe Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

The Oxford Handbook of The Auditory Brainstem provides an introduction as well as an in-depth reference to the organization and function of ascending and descending auditory pathways in the mammalian brainstem. Individual chapters are organized along the auditory pathway beginning with the cochlea and ending with the auditory midbrain. Each chapter provides an introduction to the respective area, and summarizes our current knowledge before discussing disputes and challenges the field currently faces. A major emphasis throughout this book is on

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New Aspects of Axonal Structure and Function

New Aspects of Axonal Structure and Function
  • Author : Dirk Feldmeyer,Joachim Lübke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 18 August 2010
GET THIS BOOKNew Aspects of Axonal Structure and Function

Axons are neuronal output elements and are responsible for the transfer and processing of signals from one neuron to another, even over very large distances. For a given neuronal cell type, axons are unique and display very heterogeneous patterns with respect to shape, length and target structure. Axons are the usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell. This book is intended to summarize recent findings covering morphological, physiological,

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Experimental Models of Infection, Inflammation and Injury

Experimental Models of Infection, Inflammation and Injury
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 01 April 2022
GET THIS BOOKExperimental Models of Infection, Inflammation and Injury

Experimental Models of Infection, Inflammation and Injury, Volume 168 provides step-by-step protocols for scientific researchers to effectively utilize experimental model systems. Chapters in this new release include Induction and Evaluation of Murine T Cell Transfer Colitis, Modelling acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in murine bone marrow transplantation (BMT) models with MHC disparity, Mouse models of Graft-Versus-Host Disease, Preclinical Model of Multiple Sclerosis: Methods in Autoimmune Demyelination, Preclinical model of Multiple Sclerosis: focal, chemical or demyelination, Investigating demyelination, efficient remyelination and remyelination failure

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Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Author : Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 01 December 2015
GET THIS BOOKTranslational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps

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