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Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
  • ISBN : 0128026332
  • Pages : 388 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

Summary:
What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.


Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

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Blinding As a Solution to Bias

Blinding As a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Aaron S. Kesselheim,Christopher T. Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 02 February 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding As a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

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The New Unger's Bible Handbook

The New Unger's Bible Handbook
  • Author : Merrill F. Unger
  • Publisher : Moody Publishers
  • Release : 01 April 2005
GET THIS BOOKThe New Unger's Bible Handbook

A rich treasury of Bible information! The New Unger's Bible Handbook remains the one book indispensable to quality study, chock-full of color illustrations, photographs, maps, diagrams, charts and more. Now with updated graphics, this classic is sure to be a favorite among the next generation of Bible scholars.

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'Money Blinding' as a Solution to Biased Design and Conduct of Scientific Research

'Money Blinding' as a Solution to Biased Design and Conduct of Scientific Research
  • Author : Christopher T. Robertson
  • Publisher : Anonim
  • Release : 16 August 2022
GET THIS BOOK'Money Blinding' as a Solution to Biased Design and Conduct of Scientific Research

Blinding has become an important method to prevent doctors and patients from providing biased data for biomedical research. However, when commercial interests select and fund the investigators, the overall design, conduct, and reporting of scientific research may still be biased toward suggesting products being tested are safer and more efficacious than they really are. We review some of the history around the concept of having biomedical research conducted independently of industry. One approach would be to have companies fund the

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Good Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

Good Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine
  • Author : Anton Bespalov,Martin C. Michel,Thomas Steckler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 01 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKGood Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

This open access book, published under a CC BY 4.0 license in the Pubmed indexed book series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, provides up-to-date information on best practice to improve experimental design and quality of research in non-clinical pharmacology and biomedicine.

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Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 29 July 2009
GET THIS BOOKStrengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan

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What Works

What Works
  • Author : Iris Bohnet
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 08 March 2016
GET THIS BOOKWhat Works

Gender equality is a moral and a business imperative. But unconscious bias holds us back and de-biasing minds has proven to be difficult and expensive. Behavioral design offers a new solution. Iris Bohnet shows that by de-biasing organizations instead of individuals, we can make smart changes that have big impacts—often at low cost and high speed.

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The Blind Spots of Public Bureaucracy and the Politics of Non‐Coordination

The Blind Spots of Public Bureaucracy and the Politics of Non‐Coordination
  • Author : Tobias Bach,Kai Wegrich
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 29 May 2018
GET THIS BOOKThe Blind Spots of Public Bureaucracy and the Politics of Non‐Coordination

How to better coordinate policies and public services across public sector organizations has been a major topic of public administration research for decades. However, few attempts have been made to connect these concerns with the growing body of research on biases and blind spots in decision-making. This book attempts to make that connection. It explores how day-to-day decision-making in public sector organizations is subject to different types of organizational attention biases that may lead to a variety of coordination problems

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The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making
  • Author : Gideon Keren,George Wu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 14 December 2015
GET THIS BOOKThe Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making

A comprehensive, up-to-date examination of the most important theory, concepts, methodological approaches, and applications in the burgeoning field of judgment and decision making (JDM) Emphasizes the growth of JDM applications with chapters devoted to medical decision making, decision making and the law, consumer behavior, and more Addresses controversial topics from multiple perspectives – such as choice from description versus choice from experience – and contrasts between empirical methodologies employed in behavioral economics and psychology Brings together a multi-disciplinary group of contributors from

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Surgeons as Educators

Surgeons as Educators
  • Author : Tobias S. Köhler,Bradley Schwartz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 11 November 2017
GET THIS BOOKSurgeons as Educators

This book is designed to provide the reader with comprehension of the principles of contemporary surgical education and skills to design and implement effective curricula that include learning theory, needs assessments, curriculum development, effective teaching methods, valid and reliable assessment of learners, and comprehensive program evaluation. This text will provide a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of this field and will serve as a valuable resource for anyone wishing to become a better educator regardless of the level of the trainee.

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The WEIRDest People in the World

The WEIRDest People in the World
  • Author : Joseph Henrich
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Release : 08 September 2020
GET THIS BOOKThe WEIRDest People in the World

A New York Times Notable Book of 2020 A Bloomberg Best Non-Fiction Book of 2020 A Behavioral Scientist Notable Book of 2020 A Human Behavior & Evolution Society Must-Read Popular Evolution Book of 2020 A bold, epic account of how the co-evolution of psychology and culture created the peculiar Western mind that has profoundly shaped the modern world. Perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic. If so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar. Unlike much of the

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The Jewish Novel in the Ancient World

The Jewish Novel in the Ancient World
  • Author : Lawrence M. Wills
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Release : 11 March 2015
GET THIS BOOKThe Jewish Novel in the Ancient World

Lawrence M. Wills here traces the literary evolution of popular Jewish narratives written during the period 200 BCE-100 CE. In many ways, these narratives were similar to Greek and Roman novels of the same era, as well as to popular novels of indigenous peoples within the Roman Empire. Yet, as a group, they demonstrated a variety of novelistic innovations: the inclusion of adventurous episodes, passages of description and of dialogue, concern with psychological motivation, and the introduction of female characters. Wills

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A Feminist Companion to Tobit and Judith

A Feminist Companion to Tobit and Judith
  • Author : Athalya Brenner-Idan,Helen Efthimiadis-Keith
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 22 October 2015
GET THIS BOOKA Feminist Companion to Tobit and Judith

A Feminist Companion to Tobit and Judith extends the work of the hugely influential and respected Feminist Companion series, which continues to set the standard for feminist approaches to the Hebrew Bible and related texts. In the present volume Athalya Brenner-Idan (with Helen Efthimiadis-Keith) draws together a range of scholarly commentators and addresses the core issues relating to feminist interpretations of the two texts at hand. The volume examines attitudes to gender, identities, exile, social mores, beliefs, clothing, food and

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