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Carbohydrate Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate Active Enzymes
  • Author : Stefano Benini
  • Publsiher : MDPI
  • Release : 18 June 2020
  • ISBN : 3039360906
  • Pages : 408 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKCarbohydrate Active Enzymes

Summary:
Carbohydrate-active enzymes are responsible for both biosynthesis and the breakdown of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. They are involved in many metabolic pathways; in the biosynthesis and degradation of various biomolecules, such as bacterial exopolysaccharides, starch, cellulose and lignin; and in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. Carbohydrate-active enzymes are classified into glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, polysaccharide lyases, carbohydrate esterases, and enzymes with auxiliary activities (CAZy database, www.cazy.org). Glycosyltransferases synthesize a huge variety of complex carbohydrates with different degrees of polymerization, moieties and branching. On the other hand, complex carbohydrate breakdown is carried out by glycoside hydrolases, polysaccharide lyases and carbohydrate esterases. Their interesting reactions have attracted the attention of researchers across scientific fields, ranging from basic research to biotechnology. Interest in carbohydrate-active enzymes is due not only to their ability to build and degrade biopolymers—which is highly relevant in biotechnology—but also because they are involved in bacterial biofilm formation, and in glycosylation of proteins and lipids, with important health implications. This book gathers new research results and reviews to broaden our understanding of carbohydrate-active enzymes, their mutants and their reaction products at the molecular level.


Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes
  • Author : K.-H. Park
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 23 September 2008
GET THIS BOOKCarbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Recent advances in biochemistry and biotechnology have enabled significant progress in basic research on carbohydrate-active enzymes and advances in their effective application. The mechanism of catalytic reaction of carbohydrate-active enzymes is not fully understood, though, as they often show unusual substrate specificity and modes of action. This comprehensive collection summarises some of the most important research in the field of carbohydrate-active enzymes, focusing on the enzymatic reaction mechanism, structure-function relationship and role in the living organism The book is based

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Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes
  • Author : Stefano Benini
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 18 June 2020
GET THIS BOOKCarbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-active enzymes are responsible for both biosynthesis and the breakdown of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. They are involved in many metabolic pathways; in the biosynthesis and degradation of various biomolecules, such as bacterial exopolysaccharides, starch, cellulose and lignin; and in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. Carbohydrate-active enzymes are classified into glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, polysaccharide lyases, carbohydrate esterases, and enzymes with auxiliary activities (CAZy database, www.cazy.org). Glycosyltransferases synthesize a huge variety of complex carbohydrates with different degrees of polymerization,

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Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides

Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides
  • Author : Antonio Trincone
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 08 April 2019
GET THIS BOOKEnzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides

The bioactivity potential of marine polysaccharides has long been considered an underexploited aspect. These molecules found in seaweed, microalgae, bacteria, and animal fish (shellfish, mollusks, etc.) and the derived oligosaccharides need to be explored thoroughly with an interdisciplinary approach. They are an extraordinary source of chemical diversity, and the literature highlights many applicative fields, including the food industry, cosmetics, biomedicine, agriculture, environmental protection, wastewater management, etc. More recently, a new challenge has emerged: the exploitation of marine biomass as the

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Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Carbohydrate Bioengineering
  • Author : S.B. Petersen,B. Svensson,S. Pedersen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 08 December 1995
GET THIS BOOKCarbohydrate Bioengineering

The Carbohydrate Bioengineering Meeting held in Elsinore, Denmark, April 23-26, 1995, gathered 230 scientists, mostly from Europe, with interest in carbohydrate analysis and structure; carbohydrates in medicine and glycopathology; structure, function, application, and protein engineering of carbohydrate active enzymes; oligo- and polysaccharides of industrial interest; and production of carbohydrate containing new materials. The first chapters address glycoconjugates as modulatory and recognition molecules, structure determination using NMR and mass spectrometry, and microdialysis-chip enzyme-based sensors. Active site mutations coupled with crystal structures and synthetic

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Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications

Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications
  • Author : Lambertus A. M. van den Broek,Carmen G. Boeriu,Christian V. Stevens
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 28 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKChitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications

Offers a comprehensive guide to the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. These promising biomaterials have the potential to be broadly applied and there is a growing market for these biopolymers in areas such as medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, agricultural, textile, cosmetics, nanoparticles and more. The authors – noted experts in the field – explore the isolation, characterization and the

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A Practical Guide to Using Glycomics Databases

A Practical Guide to Using Glycomics Databases
  • Author : Kiyoko F. Aoki-Kinoshita
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 07 July 2018
GET THIS BOOKA Practical Guide to Using Glycomics Databases

This book provides glycoscientists with a handbook of useful databases that can be applied to glycoscience research. Although many databases are now publicly available, one of the hurdles for their users is the learning curve required to effectively utilize those databases. Therefore, this book not only describes the existing databases, but also provides tips on how to obtain the target data. That is, because many databases provide a variety of data that could be obtained from different perspectives, each chapter

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Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes
  • Author : Stefano Benini
  • Publisher : Anonim
  • Release : 28 June 2022
GET THIS BOOKCarbohydrate-Active Enzymes

Carbohydrate-active enzymes are responsible for both biosynthesis and the breakdown of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. They are involved in many metabolic pathways; in the biosynthesis and degradation of various biomolecules, such as bacterial exopolysaccharides, starch, cellulose and lignin; and in the glycosylation of proteins and lipids. Carbohydrate-active enzymes are classified into glycoside hydrolases, glycosyltransferases, polysaccharide lyases, carbohydrate esterases, and enzymes with auxiliary activities (CAZy database, www.cazy.org). Glycosyltransferases synthesize a huge variety of complex carbohydrates with different degrees of polymerization,

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Protein-Carbohydrate Interactions

Protein-Carbohydrate Interactions
  • Author : D. Wade Abbott,Alicia Lammerts van Bueren
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 02 May 2017
GET THIS BOOKProtein-Carbohydrate Interactions

This volume is a wide-ranging tool for studying protein-carbohydrate interactions that extend from traditional biochemical methods to state-of-the-art techniques. This book focuses on four different research themes: Part I describes methods for screening and quantifying CAZyme activity; Part II contains methods for investigating the interactions between proteins and carbohydrate ligands; Part III discusses methods for the visualization of carbohydrates and protein-carbohydrate complexes; and Part IV focuses on structural and “omic” approaches for studying systems of CAZymes. Written in the highly

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Industrial Enzymes

Industrial Enzymes
  • Author : Julio Polaina,Andrew P. MacCabe
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 16 May 2007
GET THIS BOOKIndustrial Enzymes

Recent developments in genetic engineering and protein chemistry are bringing ever more powerful means of analysis to bear on the study of enzyme structure. This volume reviews the most important types of industrial enzymes. In a balanced manner it covers three interrelated aspects of paramount importance for enzyme performance: three-dimensional protein structure, physicochemical and catalytic properties, and the range of both classical and novel applications.

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Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis

Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis
  • Author : Ching T. Hou
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 09 June 2005
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Industrial Biocatalysis

Until now, no comprehensive handbook on industrial biocatalysis has been available. Soliciting chapters on virtually every aspect of biocatalysis from international experts most actively researching the field, the Handbook of Industrial Biocatalysis fills this need. The handbook is divided into three sections based on types of substrates. T

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Discovery and Characterization of Novel Carbohydrate-active Enzymes from Marine Bacteria

Half of the global primary production is realized in the ocean and a large proportion of the fixed CO2 is used to produce algal polysaccharides. These carbohydrates are a main carbon and energy source fueling marine food webs where they are degraded into monomeric sugars by carbohydrate active enzymes. As the knowledge about the enzymatic degradation of algal polysaccharides in the ocean is still scarce, this thesis aimed to contribute to a deeper understanding of these processes. O-methylation of sugars

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Bioinformatics for Glycobiology and Glycomics

Bioinformatics for Glycobiology and Glycomics
  • Author : Claus-Wilhelm von der Lieth,Thomas Luetteke,Martin Frank
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 01 October 2009
GET THIS BOOKBioinformatics for Glycobiology and Glycomics

This book is the first to be dedicated to the bioinformatics of carbohydrates and glycoproteins. It provides an introduction to this emerging field of science both for the experimentalist working in glycobiology and glycomics, and also for the computer scientist looking for background information for the development of highly sophisticated algorithmic approaches. The book provides an overview of the state-of-the-art in the field, with reviews on databases, and the tools in use for analysis, interpretation, and prediction of the structures

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