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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Mangal Roy
  • Publsiher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 12 March 2013
  • ISBN : 0128071036
  • Pages : 450 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
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Summary:
In joint replacement surgery with suboptimal bone, allograft materials are often used to achieve biological fixation of the metallic implant to the host bone and reducing the implant fixation time. The most commonly used techniques are cemented and hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated metallic implants. Typically, HA coatings are suggested for patients with better bone stock, whereas recommended implant fixation process for most other osteoporotic patients is bone cements. In general, there is a long-standing need to improve the performance of hip and other devices for longer in vivo implant lifetime that can help in reducing the number of revision surgeries, as well as minimizing physical and mental trauma to the patient. To achieve these goals, it is important to understand the mechanical and biological properties of coatings that can influence not only its short- and long-term bioactivity but also life span in vivo. Over the years, it has been recognized that the stability of a coated implant is governed by its physical and mechanical properties. A coating that separates from the implant provides no advantage over an uncoated implant and undesirable due to problems with debris materials, which can lead to osteolysis. Therefore, it is important to properly characterize the coated implants in terms of its physical and mechanical properties. In this chapter, specific details on coating characterization techniques including sample dimensions, sample preparation, experimental procedure and data interpretation are discussed. In particular, the standards and requirements of regulatory organizations are presented elucidating the significance and use of each characterization. It is important to appreciate that mechanical properties of coatings can only be determined with certain coating specification such as coating thickness. This chapter is designed even for non-experts to follow mechanical property characterizations of coatings on medical implants.


Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Mangal Roy,Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 12 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKCharacterization of Biomaterials

In joint replacement surgery with suboptimal bone, allograft materials are often used to achieve biological fixation of the metallic implant to the host bone and reducing the implant fixation time. The most commonly used techniques are cemented and hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated metallic implants. Typically, HA coatings are suggested for patients with better bone stock, whereas recommended implant fixation process for most other osteoporotic patients is bone cements. In general, there is a long-standing need to improve the performance of hip

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Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials
  • Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 20 June 2017
GET THIS BOOKCharacterization of Polymeric Biomaterials

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a

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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : M. Jaffe,T. Arinzeh
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 01 June 2016
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Biomaterials and medical devices must be rigorously tested in the laboratory before they can be implanted. Testing requires the right analytical techniques. Characterization of biomaterials reviews the latest methods for analyzing the structure, properties and behaviour of biomaterials. Beginning with an introduction to microscopy techniques for analyzing the phase nature and morphology of biomaterials, Characterization of biomaterials goes on to discuss scattering techniques for structural analysis, quantitative assays for measuring cell adhesion, motility and differentiation, and the evaluation of cell

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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 12 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKCharacterization of Biomaterials

One of the key challenges current biomaterials researchers face is identifying which of the dizzying number of highly specialized characterization tools can be gainfully applied to different materials and biomedical devices. Since this diverse marketplace of tools and techniques can be used for numerous applications, choosing the proper characterization tool is highly important, saving both time and resources. Characterization of Biomaterials is a detailed and multidisciplinary discussion of the physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, in vitro and in vivo characterization tools

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Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 11 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKMarine Biomaterials

Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers

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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : T.S. Sampath Kumar
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 12 March 2013
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The physicochemical properties of biomaterials exert a major influence over their interaction with cells and subsequently play an important role on the materials' in vivo performance . Physical characteristics involve internal microstructural features, shape and size of particles, porosity, density, and surface area. Characterization in terms of the chemistry involves determination of the chemical composition and distribution of the elements within the biomaterial. The last decade has seen several innovations in the armory of tools to image and analyze materials, as

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Self-assembling Biomaterials

Self-assembling Biomaterials
  • Author : Helena S. Azevedo,Ricardo M. P. da Silva
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 17 April 2018
GET THIS BOOKSelf-assembling Biomaterials

Self-assembling biomaterials: molecular design, characterization and application in biology and medicine provides a comprehensive coverage on an emerging area of biomaterials science, spanning from conceptual designs to advanced characterization tools and applications of self-assembling biomaterials, and compiling the recent developments in the field. Molecular self-assembly, the autonomous organization of molecules, is ubiquitous in living organisms and intrinsic to biological structures and function. Not surprisingly, the exciting field of engineering artificial self-assembling biomaterials often finds inspiration in Biology. More important, materials

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Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Cuie Wen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 06 April 2021
GET THIS BOOKStructural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials: Properties, Characteristics, and Selection serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials,

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Nano- and Biomaterials

Nano- and Biomaterials
  • Author : Zhypargul Abdullaeva
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 21 June 2017
GET THIS BOOKNano- and Biomaterials

A comprehensive introduction to nano- and biomaterials shining light on the different research disciplines from various perspectives. The straightforward and well-structured concept is designed to cater for entrants as well as experienced researchers in the field of nanotechnology. The initial chapters introduce nanomaterials, their classification and synthesis techniques, while subsequent chapters discuss the various characterization tools as well as mechanical properties and their applications in biotechnological and biomedical fields. Further understanding of the topic is supported by case studies used

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Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Lobat Tayebi,Keyvan Moharamzadeh
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 28 July 2017
GET THIS BOOKBiomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering examines the combined impact of materials, advanced techniques and applications of engineered oral tissues. With a strong focus on hard and soft intraoral tissues, the book looks at how biomaterials can be manipulated and engineered to create functional oral tissue for use in restorative dentistry, periodontics, endodontics and prosthodontics. Covering the current knowledge of material production, evaluation, challenges, applications and future trends, this book is a valuable resource for materials scientists and researchers

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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Huaiyu Wang,Paul K. Chu
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 12 March 2013
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The biomaterials surface, which may only be a few atomic layers thick, constitutes the important interface between the biomaterials and the external biological environment and plays a key role in the chemical and biological actions in vitro and in vivo. Hence, in order to monitor and fathom the biological performance of biomaterials, the surface properties must be well known. Recently, surface modification of biomaterials has attracted considerable attention as selective surface properties such as cytocompatibility can be altered while desirable

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Biomaterials

Biomaterials
  • Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Murugan Ramalingam,T .S. Sampath Kumar,Winston O. Soboyejo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 19 April 2016
GET THIS BOOKBiomaterials

There are several well-known books on the market that cover biomaterials in a general way, but none provide adequate focus on the future of and potential for actual uses of emerging nanontechnology in this burgeoning field.Biomaterials: A Nano Approach is written from a multi-disciplinary point of view that integrates aspects of materials science a

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Integrated Biomaterials Science

Integrated Biomaterials Science
  • Author : Rolando Barbucci
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 08 May 2007
GET THIS BOOKIntegrated Biomaterials Science

Integrated Biomaterials Science provides an intriguing insight into the world of biomaterials. It explores the materials and technology which have brought advances in new biomaterials, highlighting the way in which modern biology and medicine are synergistically linked to other key scientific disciplines-physics, chemistry, and engineering. In doing so, Integrated Biomaterials Science contains chapters on tissue engineering and gene therapy, standards and parameters of biomaterials, applications and interactions within the industrial world, as well as potential aspects of patent regulations. Integrated

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Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Samit K. Nandi,Subhasish Biswas
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 12 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKCharacterization of Biomaterials

The use of biomaterials has become indispensable in modern medicine that includes primarily for the restoration of function as well as drug carriers. Biomaterials developed for bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, skeletal muscle, dental, and other musculoskeletal applications almost always necessitate mechanical properties characterization to guarantee that they are robust enough for their in vivo functionality. In addition, mechanical conditioning often has a direct consequence on cellular behaviors such as differentiation, extracellular matrix production, migration, and proliferation. There is imperative necessity

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