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Exposure Science in the 21st Century

Exposure Science in the 21st Century
  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publsiher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 28 October 2012
  • ISBN : 0309264685
  • Pages : 210 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKExposure Science in the 21st Century

Summary:
From the use of personal products to our consumption of food, water, and air, people are exposed to a wide array of agents each day--many with the potential to affect health. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy investigates the contact of humans or other organisms with those agents (that is, chemical, physical, and biologic stressors) and their fate in living systems. The concept of exposure science has been instrumental in helping us understand how stressors affect human and ecosystem health, and in efforts to prevent or reduce contact with harmful stressors. In this way exposure science has played an integral role in many areas of environmental health, and can help meet growing needs in environmental regulation, urban and ecosystem planning, and disaster management. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy explains that there are increasing demands for exposure science information, for example to meet needs for data on the thousands of chemicals introduced into the market each year, and to better understand the health effects of prolonged low-level exposure to stressors. Recent advances in tools and technologies--including sensor systems, analytic methods, molecular technologies, computational tools, and bioinformatics--have provided the potential for more accurate and comprehensive exposure science data than ever before. This report also provides a roadmap to take advantage of the technologic innovations and strategic collaborations to move exposure science into the future.


Exposure Science in the 21st Century

Exposure Science in the 21st Century
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 28 October 2012
GET THIS BOOKExposure Science in the 21st Century

From the use of personal products to our consumption of food, water, and air, people are exposed to a wide array of agents each day--many with the potential to affect health. Exposure Science in the 21st Century: A Vision and A Strategy investigates the contact of humans or other organisms with those agents (that is, chemical, physical, and biologic stressors) and their fate in living systems. The concept of exposure science has been instrumental in helping us understand how stressors

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Exposure Science

Exposure Science
  • Author : Paul Lioy,Clifford Weisel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 11 February 2014
GET THIS BOOKExposure Science

Exposure Science: Basic Principles and Applications provides a concise overview of the field of exposure science, from its origins in sanitation and occupational health, to its exciting involvement with emerging scientific concepts. Written by world-leading experts in the field of exposure science, this book provides all the basic understanding you need to employ the best tools and methods for measurement, analysis, and modeling of exposure. Exposure Science: Basic Principles and Applications is an invaluable introduction to exposure science for anyone

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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture
  • Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 10 December 2020
GET THIS BOOKExposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as

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Using 21st Century Science to Improve Risk-Related Evaluations

Using 21st Century Science to Improve Risk-Related Evaluations
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Incorporating 21st Century Science into Risk-Based Evaluations
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 16 March 2017
GET THIS BOOKUsing 21st Century Science to Improve Risk-Related Evaluations

Over the last decade, several large-scale United States and international programs have been initiated to incorporate advances in molecular and cellular biology, -omics technologies, analytical methods, bioinformatics, and computational tools and methods into the field of toxicology. Similar efforts are being pursued in the field of exposure science with the goals of obtaining more accurate and complete exposure data on individuals and populations for thousands of chemicals over the lifespan; predicting exposures from use data and chemical-property information; and translating

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The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers
  • Author : Laurence W. McKeen
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 25 April 2021
GET THIS BOOKThe Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers, Second Edition brings together a wide range of essential data on the effect of long-term thermal exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. This second edition has been thoroughly revised to include the latest data and materials. This highly valuable handbook will support engineers, product designers, R&D professionals, and scientists who are working on plastics products or parts for high

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Total Exposure Health

Total Exposure Health
  • Author : Kirk A. Phillips,Dirk P. Yamamoto,LeeAnn Racz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 15 May 2020
GET THIS BOOKTotal Exposure Health

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the concept of "Total Exposure Health" and presents details on subject areas which make up the framework. It provides in-depth coverage of the science and technology supporting exposure and risk assessment. This includes advances in toxicology and the "-omics" as well as new techniques for exposure assessment. The book concludes with a discussion on bioethics implications, including ethical considerations related to genetic testing. ​ Discusses advances in exposure monitoring Presents a systems biology approach

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Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology
  • Author : Elisabeth Mansfield,Debra L. Kaiser,Daisuke Fujita,Marcel Van de Voorde
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 20 January 2017
GET THIS BOOKMetrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology

For the promotion of global trading and the reduction of potential risks, the role of international standardization of nanotechnologies has become more and more important. This book gives an overview of the current status of nanotechnology including the importance of metrology and characterization at the nanoscale, international standardization of nanotechnology, and industrial innovation of nano-enabled products. First the field of nanometrology, nanomaterial standardization and nanomaterial innovation is introduced. Second, major concepts in analytical measurements are given in order to provide

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Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft

Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee to Evaluate the Potential Exposure to Agent Orange/TCDD Residue and Level of Risk of Adverse Health Effects for Aircrew of Post-Vietnam C-123 Aircraft
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 20 May 2015
GET THIS BOOKPost-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft

From 1972 to 1982, approximately 1,500-2,100 US Air Force Reserve personnel trained and worked on C-123 aircraft that had formerly been used to spray herbicides in Vietnam as part of Operation Ranch Hand. After becoming aware that some of the aircraft on which they had worked had previously served this purpose, some of these AF Reservists applied to the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) for compensatory coverage under the Agent Orange Act of 1991. The Act provides health care and disability coverage

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The Practice of Consumer Exposure Assessment

The Practice of Consumer Exposure Assessment
  • Author : Gerhard Heinemeyer,Matti Jantunen,Pertti Hakkinen
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 03 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKThe Practice of Consumer Exposure Assessment

This book closes a current gap by providing the scientific basis for consumer exposure assessment in the context of regulatory risk assessment. Risk is defined as the likelihood of an event occurring and the severity of its effects. The margin between the dose that leads to toxic effects and the actual dose of a chemical is identified by estimating population exposure. The objective of this book is to provide an introduction into the scientific principles of consumer exposure assessment, and

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Highlights of the Chinese Exposure Factors Handbook

Highlights of the Chinese Exposure Factors Handbook
  • Author : Xiaoli Duan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 10 September 2015
GET THIS BOOKHighlights of the Chinese Exposure Factors Handbook

The Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES) has conducted the Environmental exposure related activity pattern research of Chinese population (Adults). Exposure Factors Handbook of Chinese Population (Adults) was compiled based on the results from this study. Highlights of the Chinese Exposure Factors Handbook is a brief introduction to the content of Exposure Factors Handbook of Chinese Population (Adults). In each chapter, definitions, possible influence factors, and survey methods have been introduced, followed by recommended values for urban/rural areas,

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Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects V

Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects V
  • Author : W.R. Chappell,C.O. Abernathy,R.L. Calderon,D.J. Thomas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 19 December 2003
GET THIS BOOKArsenic Exposure and Health Effects V

The authoritative articles in this book represent the state-of-the-art in arsenic research. Arsenic experts from around the world - participants in the Fifth International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects organized by the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health in 2002 - present their critical findings. The authors share their latest arsenic research findings in Occurrence, Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Animal Models, Mode of Action, Mode of Action, Risk Estimation, Intervention and Medical Treatment, and Water Treatment and Remediation. As in

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Exposure Analysis

Exposure Analysis
  • Author : Wayne R. Ott,Anne C. Steinemann,Lance A. Wallace
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 26 October 2006
GET THIS BOOKExposure Analysis

Written by experts, Exposure Analysis is the first complete resource in the emerging scientific discipline of exposure analysis. A comprehensive source on the environmental pollutants that affect human health, the book discusses human exposure through pathways including air, food, water, dermal absorption, and, for children, non-food ingestion. The book summarizes existing definitions of exposure, dose, and related concepts and provides the mathematical framework at the heart of these conceptual definitions. Using secondhand smoke as an example, the book illustrates how

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Healthy Buildings

Healthy Buildings
  • Author : Joseph G. Allen,John D. Macomber
  • Publisher : Anonim
  • Release : 27 May 2022
GET THIS BOOKHealthy Buildings

A healthy building does more than conserve resources: it improves the health and productivity of the people inside. Joseph Allen and John Macomber look at everything from the air we breathe to the water we drink to how light, sound, and materials impact our performance and wellbeing and drive business profit.

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Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

Textbook of Children's Environmental Health
  • Author : Philip J. Landrigan,Ruth A. Etzel
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 15 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKTextbook of Children's Environmental Health

Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes. Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting

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