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General Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

General Philosophy of Science  Focal Issues
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publsiher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 July 2007
  • ISBN : 9780080548548
  • Pages : 708 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKGeneral Philosophy of Science Focal Issues

Summary:
Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might wish. An important task of the philosophy of the special sciences, such as philosophy of physics, of biology and of economics, to mention only a few of the many flourishing examples, is the clarification of such subject specific concepts and principles. Similarly, an important task of 'general' philosophy of science is the clarification of concepts like 'confirmation' and principles like 'the unity of science'. It is evident that clarfication of concepts and principles only makes sense if one tries to do justice, as much as possible, to the actual use of these notions by scientists, without however following this use slavishly. That is, occasionally a philosopher may have good reasons for suggesting to scientists that they should deviate from a standard use. Frequently, this amounts to a plea for differentiation in order to stop debates at cross-purposes due to the conflation of different meanings. While the special volumes of the series of Handbooks of the Philosophy of Science address topics relative to a specific discipline, this general volume deals with focal issues of a general nature. After an editorial introduction about the dominant method of clarifying concepts and principles in philosophy of science, called explication, the first five chapters deal with the following subjects. Laws, theories, and research programs as units of empirical knowledge (Theo Kuipers), various past and contemporary perspectives on explanation (Stathis Psillos), the evaluation of theories in terms of their virtues (Ilkka Niiniluto), and the role of experiments in the natural sciences, notably physics and biology (Allan Franklin), and their role in the social sciences, notably economics (Wenceslao Gonzalez). In the subsequent three chapters there is even more attention to various positions and methods that philosophers of science and scientists may favor: ontological, epistemological, and methodological positions (James Ladyman), reduction, integration, and the unity of science as aims in the sciences and the humanities (William Bechtel and Andrew Hamilton), and logical, historical and computational approaches to the philosophy of science (Atocha Aliseda and Donald Gillies). The volume concludes with the much debated question of demarcating science from nonscience (Martin Mahner) and the rich European-American history of the philosophy of science in the 20th century (Friedrich Stadler). Comprehensive coverage of the philosophy of science written by leading philosophers in this field Clear style of writing for an interdisciplinary audience No specific pre-knowledge required


General Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues

General Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 July 2007
GET THIS BOOKGeneral Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues

Scientists use concepts and principles that are partly specific for their subject matter, but they also share part of them with colleagues working in different fields. Compare the biological notion of a 'natural kind' with the general notion of 'confirmation' of a hypothesis by certain evidence. Or compare the physical principle of the 'conservation of energy' and the general principle of 'the unity of science'. Scientists agree that all such notions and principles aren't as crystal clear as one might


Scientific Realism and the Quantum

Scientific Realism and the Quantum
  • Author : Steven French,Juha Saatsi
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 13 February 2020
GET THIS BOOKScientific Realism and the Quantum

Quantum theory is widely regarded as one of the most successful theories in the history of science. It explains a hugely diverse array of phenomena and is a natural candidate for our best representation of the world at the level of 'fundamental' physics. But how can the world be the way quantum theory says it is? It is famously unclear what the world is like according to quantum physics, which presents a serious problem for the scientific realist who is


Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Gerhard Schurz
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 20 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach combines a general introduction to philosophy of science with an integrated survey of all its important subfields. As the book’s subtitle suggests, this excellent overview is guided methodologically by "a unified approach" to philosophy of science: behind the diversity of scientific fields one can recognize a methodological unity of the sciences. This unity is worked out in this book, revealing all the while important differences between subject areas. Structurally, this comprehensive book offers


The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Paul Humphreys,Anjan Chakravartty,Margaret Morrison,Andrea Woody
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 27 February 2021
GET THIS BOOKThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

Advertisement for the philosophy of the computational sciences / Oron Shagrir -- Part I. Overviews. Philosophy of the social sciences : naturalism and anti-naturalism in the philosophy of social science / Francesco Guala -- Philosophy of biology / Ben Fraser and Kim Sterelny -- Philosophy of the psychological and cognitive sciences / Mark Sprevak -- Philosophy of the physical sciences / Carl Hoefer and Chris Smeenk -- Having science in view : general philosophy of science and its significance / Stathis Psillos -- Part II. Traditional topics. Causation



The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Anouk Barberousse,Denis Bonnay,Mikael Cozic
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 28 June 2018
GET THIS BOOKThe Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science studies the methods, theories, and concepts used by scientists. It mainly developed as a field in its own right during the twentieth century and is now a diversified and lively research area. This book surveys the current state of the discipline by focusing on central themes like confirmation of scientific hypotheses, scientific explanation, causality, the relationship between science and metaphysics, scientific change, the relationship between philosophy of science and science studies, the role of theories and models,


Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 27 November 2009
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded


Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Shamik Dasgupta,Ravit Dotan,Brad Weslake
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 28 October 2020
GET THIS BOOKCurrent Controversies in Philosophy of Science

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science asks twelve philosophers to debate six questions that are driving contemporary work in this area of philosophy. The questions are: I. Are Boltzmann Brains Bad? II. Does Mathematical Explanation Require Mathematical Truth? III. Does Quantum Mechanics Suggest Spacetime is Nonfundamental? IV. Is Evolution Fundamental When It Comes to Defining Biological Ontology? V. Is Chance Ontologically Fundamental? VI. Are Sexes Natural Kinds? These debates explore the philosophical foundations of particular scientific disciplines, while also examining


The Logic in Philosophy of Science

The Logic in Philosophy of Science
  • Author : Hans Halvorson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 30 June 2019
GET THIS BOOKThe Logic in Philosophy of Science

Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Lwenheim-Sklem theorem refutes the existence of an objective, observer-independent world; Bas van Fraassen claimed that arguments against empiricism in philosophy of science are ineffective against a semantic approach to scientific theories; W. V. O. Quine claimed that the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths is trivialized by the fact that any


Understanding Philosophy of Science

Understanding Philosophy of Science
  • Author : James Ladyman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 06 August 2012
GET THIS BOOKUnderstanding Philosophy of Science

Few can imagine a world without telephones or televisions; many depend on computers and the Internet as part of daily life. Without scientific theory, these developments would not have been possible. In this exceptionally clear and engaging introduction to philosophy of science, James Ladyman explores the philosophical questions that arise when we reflect on the nature of the scientific method and the knowledge it produces. He discusses whether fundamental philosophical questions about knowledge and reality might be answered by science,


Social Philosophy of Science for the Social Sciences

Social Philosophy of Science for the Social Sciences
  • Author : Jaan Valsiner
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 10 February 2020
GET THIS BOOKSocial Philosophy of Science for the Social Sciences

This is an international and interdisciplinary volume that provides a new look at the general background of the social sciences from a philosophical perspective and provides directions for methodology. It seeks to overcome the limitations of the traditional treatises of a philosophy of science rooted in the physical sciences, as well as extend the coverage of basic science to intentional and socially normative features of the social sciences. The discussions included in this book are divided into four thematic sections:


Theory and Reality

Theory and Reality
  • Author : Peter Godfrey-Smith
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 11 December 2009
GET THIS BOOKTheory and Reality

How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and


Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
  • Author : William Bechtel
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 16 December 2013
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Science

This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate


Teaching General Chemistry

Teaching General Chemistry
  • Author : Mansoor Niaz
  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 27 February 2021
GET THIS BOOKTeaching General Chemistry

The main objective of this monograph is to incorporate history and philosophy of science in the chemistry curriculum in order to provide students an overview of the dynamics of scientific research, which involves controversies, conflicts and rivalries among scientists, that is the humanising aspects of science. A major thesis of this book is the parallel between the construction of knowledge by the students and the scientists. In looking for this relationship, it is not necessary that ontogeny recapitulate phylogeny, but