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- Release : 01 January 1970
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- Pages : pages
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This book is intended as an introduction to radioactivity and aerosols for the scientifically literate reader who has had no previous exposure to either of these subjects. Although its main focus is radioactive aerosols, on the road to this subject I provide short, somewhat independent introductions to both radioactivity and aerosols, with some emphasis on experimental aspects. The audience I have in mind is upper-level undergraduates or beginning graduate students with a minimum background of introductory college courses in physics,
Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols
Describes radioactive emissions and their effects.
Study of the efficiency of filters for the retention of natural airborne radioactive aerosols has shown that the paricles with which the radioactivity of the short-lived radon daughters is associated have greater ability to penetrate the variousfilter media than has the fission product debris in the atmosphere; therefore the former is associated with aerosols of smaller size. A preliminary evaluation of the techniques of employing packs of filters of different retentivity characteristics to determine the particle size and/or particle
This report is a summary of research carried out over a 16 month period on scavenging and removal of radioactive aerosols and iodine from the atmosphere of the containment vessel, prevention of aerosol formation from fuel elements, and miscellaneous problems connected with safety of operation of nuclear reactors.