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Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC
  • Author : Edgar Acosta
  • Publsiher : Academic Press and AOCS Press
  • Release : 15 September 2021
  • ISBN : 9780128214817
  • Pages : 335 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKSurfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Summary:
Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. The book will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM). Concentrates on the HLD and NAC, providing industrially-relevant examples Provides the only single depository for HLD parameters Balances theory and application, with insights from both academic and industrial authors Includes examples relevant to a wide range of fields, with practical guides on how to go from the formulation objective(s) to an actual formulation design


Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC
  • Author : Edgar Acosta
  • Publisher : Academic Press and AOCS Press
  • Release : 15 September 2021
GET THIS BOOKSurfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation


Surfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant Science and Technology
  • Author : Laurence S. Romsted
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 05 May 2014
GET THIS BOOKSurfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’


Oil Spill Remediation

Oil Spill Remediation
  • Author : Ponisseril Somasundaran,Partha Patra,Raymond S. Farinato,Kyriakos Papadopoulos
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 10 April 2014
GET THIS BOOKOil Spill Remediation

This book provides a comprehensive overview of oil spillremediation from the perspectives of policy makers, scientists, andengineers, generally focusing on colloid chemistry phenomena andsolutions involved in oil spills and their cleanup. • First book to address oil spill remediation from theperspective of physicochemical and colloidal science • Discusses current and emerging detergents used inclean-ups • Includes chapters from leading scientists,researchers, engineers, and policy makers • Presents new insights into the possible impact of oilspills on ecosystems as well as preventive measures


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  • Author : Douglas G. Hayes,Daniel K. Solaiman,Richard D. Ashby
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 30 April 2019
GET THIS BOOKBiobased Surfactants

Biobased Surfactants: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Second Edition, covers biosurfactant synthesis and applications and demonstrates how to reduce manufacturing and purification costs, impurities, and by-products. Fully updated, this book covers surfactants in biomedical applications, detergents, personal care, food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and nanotechnology. It reflects on the latest developments in biobased surfactant science and provides case scenarios to guide readers in efficient and effective biobased surfactant application, along with strategies for research into new applications. This book is written from a


SURFACTANT SCIENCE

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  • Author : Steven Abbott
  • Publisher : Anonim
  • Release : 28 November 2017
GET THIS BOOKSURFACTANT SCIENCE

A concise and practical reference for understanding surfactant systems Offers original formulas and phase diagrams for improved surfactant design and performance¿ Equations related to online computer apps allow readers to test their own data Written in a conversational form, with a focus on real-world problems and troubleshooting Applications to detergents, coatings, cosmetics, soil and water remediation, and biosurfactants Full chapter included on foam and anti-foam science


Microemulsions and Related Systems

Microemulsions and Related Systems
  • Author : Maurice Bourrel,Robert Samuel Schechter
  • Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
  • Release : 25 February 2021
GET THIS BOOKMicroemulsions and Related Systems

Beginning with P.A. Winsor's fundamental hypothesis on a natural interfacial curvature depending on the values of the formulation variables, this unique book shows scientists how to understand the intrinsic structure of these complex systems and their corresponding physical properties... predict how a change in one formulation variable (surfactant structure, oil structure, aqueous phase composition, temperature, etc.) will modify the microemulsion... and systematically formulate microemulsions for individual applications.This book provides a thermodynamic analysis supporting the existence of natural interfacial


Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology
  • Author : K.L. Mittal
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 02 May 2018
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the


The Fundamentals of Piping Design

The Fundamentals of Piping Design
  • Author : Peter Smith
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 21 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKThe Fundamentals of Piping Design

Written for the piping engineer and designer in the field, this two-part series helps to fill a void in piping literature, since the Rip Weaver books of the '90s were taken out of print at the advent of the Computer Aid Design (CAD) era. Technology may have changed, however the fundamentals of piping rules still apply in the digital representation of process piping systems. The Fundamentals of Piping Design is an introduction to the design of piping systems, various


Biofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy

Biofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy
  • Author : John L. Pace,Mark E. Rupp,Roger G. Finch
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 29 August 2005
GET THIS BOOKBiofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy

Rather than existing in a planktonic or free-living form, evidence indicates that microbes show a preference for living in a sessile form within complex communities called biofilms. Biofilms appear to afford microbes a survival advantage by optimizing nutrition, offering protection against hostile elements, and providing a network for cell-to-cell signaling and genetic exchange. Biofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy provides an in-depth exploration of biofilms, offering broad background information, as well a detailed look at the serious concerns to which biofilm-associated



Adhesion Science

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  • Author : Steven Abbott
  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 29 June 2015
GET THIS BOOKAdhesion Science

Explains the physics and chemistry of adhesion, surface preparation and testsPresents new strategies for formulating superior strong, weak and pressure-sensitive adhesivesIncludes access to unique electronic apps that enable numerical modeling of adhesives This technical bound book explains the basic principles of adhesion and shows how they are used to formulate and improve adhesives. The volume starts by laying out key physical and chemical concepts underlying adhesion and adhesives, including strong and weak bonds plus pressure-sensitive (PSA) across multiple polymer, metal


Nanoemulsions

Nanoemulsions
  • Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari,D. Julian McClements
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 24 February 2018
GET THIS BOOKNanoemulsions

Nanoemulsions: Formulation, Applications, and Characterization provides detailed information on the production, application and characterization of food nanoemulsion as presented by experts who share a wealth of experience. Those involved in the nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries will find this a useful reference as it addresses findings related to different preparation and formulation methods of nanoemulsions and their application in different fields and products. As the last decade has seen a major shift from conventional emulsification processes towards nanoemulsions that both


Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications

Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications
  • Author : Muhammad Sagir,Muhammad Mushtaq,M. Suleman Tahir,Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Abdul Ravoof Shaik
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 29 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKSurfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications

This book provides a concise treatise on the use of surfactants in enhanced oil recovery (EOR), including information on key types of surfactants and their respective applications in the wider petroleum industry. The authors discuss carbon dioxide EOR, alkaline-surfactant-polymer flooding strategies, and the use of surfactants as a means of reducing interfacial tension, while also paying special attention to the challenges involved in using surfactants for enhanced oil recovery, such as the difficult issue of surfactant adsorption on reservoir rock.


The Role of Biofilms in Device-Related Infections

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  • Author : Mark Shirtliff,Jeff G. Leid
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 19 December 2008
GET THIS BOOKThe Role of Biofilms in Device-Related Infections

Approximately 60% of all hospital-associated infections, over one million cases per year, are due to biofilms that have formed on indwelling medical devices. Device-related biofilm infections increase hospital stays and add over one billion dollars/year to U.S. hospitalization costs. Since the use and the types of indwelling medical devices commonly used in modern healthcare are continuously expanding, especially with an aging population, the incidence of biofilm infections will also continue to rise. The central problem with microbial biofilm infections


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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 19 March 2019
GET THIS BOOKCatastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management

For years the administrative of anesthesia was extremely dangerous and risky. Because of this the surgeon and anesthesiologist had to balance the risks and benefits for each patient before proceeding with surgery. In the last two decades the care of the surgical patient has changed dramatically. New equipment, monitors and pharmacologic agents have transformed surgical technique and improved outcomes. Patients once deemed “too sick” for the operating room are found frequently on operating room schedules nationwide. Today, anesthesiology for the