The Claustrum

The Claustrum
  • Author : John R. Smythies
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 11 November 2013
  • ISBN : 012404722X
  • Pages : 408 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKThe Claustrum

Summary:
The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum. The Claustrum instead focuses on a small, remote, and, until recently, relatively unknown area of the brain. In recent years, researchers have come to believe that the claustrum is concerned with consciousness, a bold hypothesis supported by the claustrum’s two-way connections with nearly every other region of the brain and its seeming involvement with multisensory integrations—the hallmark of consciousness. The claustrum, previously in a humble position at the back of the stage, might in fact be the conductor of the brain’s orchestra. The Claustrum brings together leading experts on the claustrum from the varied disciplines of neuroscience, providing a state-of-the-art presentation of what is currently known about the claustrum, promising lines of current research (including epigenetics), and projections of new lines of investigation on the horizon. Develops a unifying hypothesis about the claustrum’s role in consciousness, as well as the integration of sensory information and other higher brain functions. Discusses the involvement of the claustrum with autism, schizophrenia, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease Coverage of all aspects of the claustrum, from its evolution and development to promising new lines of research, including epigenetics, provides a platform and point of reference for future investigative efforts


The Claustrum

The Claustrum
  • Author : John R. Smythies,Lawrence Edelstein,Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 11 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKThe Claustrum

The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum. The Claustrum instead focuses on a small, remote, and, until recently, relatively unknown area of the brain. In recent years, researchers have come to believe that the

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The Claustrum: charting a way forward for the brain’s most mysterious nucleus

The Claustrum: charting a way forward for the brain’s most mysterious nucleus
  • Author : Ariel Y. Deutch, Brian N. Mathur
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 09 September 2015
GET THIS BOOKThe Claustrum: charting a way forward for the brain’s most mysterious nucleus

The claustrum is a long, band-like grey matter structure situated in the ventrolateral telencephalon of most, if not all, mammalian brains. Due to its shape and close proximity to white matter structures and insular cortex, the anatomy and behavioral relevance of the claustrum have proven difficult to study. As a result, disagreements in the literature exist over ontogeny, phylogeny, anatomical boundaries, and connectivity. Despite this, it is generally regarded that the claustrum contains excitatory projection neurons that reciprocally connect to

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Producing and Analyzing Macro-Connectomes: Current State and Challenges

Producing and Analyzing Macro-Connectomes: Current State and Challenges
  • Author : Mihail Bota,Sharon Crook,Marcus Kaiser
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 20 October 2016
GET THIS BOOKProducing and Analyzing Macro-Connectomes: Current State and Challenges

Construction of comprehensive and detailed brain regions neuroanatomical connections matrices (macro-connectomes) is necessary to understand how the nervous system is organized and to elucidate how its different parts interact. Macro-connectomes also are the structural foundation of any finer granularity approaches at the neuron classes and types (meso-connectomes) or individual neuron (micro-connectomes) levels. The advent of novel neuroanatomical methods, as well as combinations of classic techniques, form the basis of several large scale projects with the ultimate goal of producing publicly

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The Human Central Nervous System

The Human Central Nervous System
  • Author : Rudolf Nieuwenhuys,Jan Voogd,Christiaan van Huijzen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 31 December 2007
GET THIS BOOKThe Human Central Nervous System

The present edition of The Human Central Nervous System differs considerably from its predecessors. In previous editions, the text was essentially confined to a section dealing with the various functional systems of the brain. This section, which has been rewritten and updated, is now preceded by 15 newly written chapters, which introduce the pictorial material of the gross anatomy, the blood vessels and meninges and the microstructure of its various parts and deal with the development, topography and functional anatomy of

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Wiring Principles of Cerebral Cortex

Wiring Principles of Cerebral Cortex
  • Author : Julian Budd, Zoltán F. Kisvárday
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 17 November 2015
GET THIS BOOKWiring Principles of Cerebral Cortex

Cerebral cortex is probably the most complex biological network. Here many millions of individual neurons, the functional units of cortex, are interconnected through a massive yet highly organized pattern of axonal and dendritic wiring. This wiring enables both near and distant cells to coordinate their responses and generate a rich variety of cognitions and behaviours. When the wiring is damaged through disease or trauma it may reorganize but this may lead to characteristic pathological behaviours. While there have been significant

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Frontiers in Neural Circuits and Frontiers in Neurology

Frontiers in Neural Circuits and Frontiers in Neurology
  • Author : Desdemona Fricker,Mathieu Beraneck,Michele Tagliabue,K. J. Jeffery
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 26 February 2021
GET THIS BOOKFrontiers in Neural Circuits and Frontiers in Neurology

In this 2nd edition, the following article has been added: Fricker D, Beraneck M, Tagliabue M and Jeffery KJ (2020) Editorial: Coding for Spatial Orientation in Humans and Animals: Behavior, Circuits and Neurons. Front. Neural Circuits 14:619073. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2020.619073

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Brain Networks for Studying Healthy and Pathological Aging Mechanisms and Intervention Efficacy

Brain Networks for Studying Healthy and Pathological Aging Mechanisms and Intervention Efficacy
  • Author : Christos Frantzidis,Ana B. Vivas,Panagiotis D. Bamidis
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 18 November 2020
GET THIS BOOKBrain Networks for Studying Healthy and Pathological Aging Mechanisms and Intervention Efficacy

Previous studies showed that both healthy and pathological aging are associated with changes in brain structure and function of the mature human brain. The most prominent anatomical alteration are changes in prefrontal cortex morphology, volume loss and reduced white-matter integrity and hippocampal atrophy. Cognitive decline affects mainly the performance of episodic memory, speed of sensory information processing, working memory, inhibitory function and long-term memory. It has been also proposed that due to the aforementioned changes the aging brain engages in

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Proceedings of the XV Symposium Neuroradiologicum

Proceedings of the XV Symposium Neuroradiologicum
  • Author : Mutsumasa Takahashi,Yukunori Korogi,Ivan Moseley
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 29 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKProceedings of the XV Symposium Neuroradiologicum

Since 1939, the Symposium Neuroradiologicum has been held every 4 years in various cities throughout the world. Great neuroradiologists such as Taveras, Du Boulay, Greitz, Lindgren, and DiChiro have been among the presidents of the previous symposia. The XV Symposium Neuroradiologicum was held in Kumamoto from 25 September through 1 October 1994. More than 1,200 participants gathered to discuss the most recent developments, including interventional neuroradiology, functional imaging, MRI contrast media, new techniques in MRI, iodinated contrast media and other advances. The communications are presented in

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At The Top of the Interneuronal Pyramid – Calretinin Expressing Cortical Interneurons

At The Top of the Interneuronal Pyramid – Calretinin Expressing Cortical Interneurons
  • Author : Nada Zecevic,Zsófia Maglóczky,Filip Barinka
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 12 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKAt The Top of the Interneuronal Pyramid – Calretinin Expressing Cortical Interneurons

It is in general well appreciated that the cortical interneurons play various important roles in cortical neuronal networks both in normal and pathological states. Based on connectivity pattern, developmental, morphological and electrophysiological properties, distinct subgroups of GABAergic interneurons can be differentiated in the neocortex as well as in the hippocampal formation. In this E-Book, we are focusing our attention on inhibitory interneurons expressing calcium-binding protein calretinin (CR). The aim of the E-Book is to consolidate the knowledge about this interneuronal

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