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Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials
  • Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
  • Publsiher : Newnes
  • Release : 14 November 2013
  • ISBN : 0123971829
  • Pages : 190 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 ratings
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

Summary:
The fundamental concept of the book is to explain how to make thin film solar cells from the abundant solar energy materials by low cost. The proper and optimized growth conditions are very essential while sandwiching thin films to make solar cell otherwise secondary phases play a role to undermine the working function of solar cells. The book illustrates growth and characterization of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film absorbers and their solar cells. The fabrication process of absorber layers by either vacuum or non-vacuum process is readily elaborated in the book, which helps for further development of cells. The characterization analyses such as XPS, XRD, SEM, AFM etc., lead to tailor the physical properties of the absorber layers to fit well for the solar cells. The role of secondary phases such as ZnS, Cu2-xS,SnS etc., which are determined by XPS, XRD or Raman, in the absorber layers is promptly discussed. The optical spectroscopy analysis, which finds band gap, optical constants of the films, is mentioned in the book. The electrical properties of the absorbers deal the influence of substrates, growth temperature, impurities, secondary phases etc. The low temperature I-V and C-V measurements of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film solar cells are clearly described. The solar cell parameters such as efficiency, fill factor, series resistance, parallel resistance provide handful information to understand the mechanism of physics of thin film solar cells in the book. The band structure, which supports to adjust interface states at the p-n junction of the solar cells is given. On the other hand the role of window layers with the solar cells is discussed. The simulation of theoretical efficiency of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film solar cells explains how much efficiency can be experimentally extracted from the cells. One of the first books exploring how to conduct research on thin film solar cells, including reducing costs Detailed instructions on conducting research


Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials
  • Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 14 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

The fundamental concept of the book is to explain how to make thin film solar cells from the abundant solar energy materials by low cost. The proper and optimized growth conditions are very essential while sandwiching thin films to make solar cell otherwise secondary phases play a role to undermine the working function of solar cells. The book illustrates growth and characterization of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film absorbers and their solar cells. The fabrication process of absorber layers


Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells
  • Author : Kentaro Ito
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 23 February 2015
GET THIS BOOKCopper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground–mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth–abundant, low–cost and non–toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(


Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics
  • Author : Arthur J. Nozik,Gavin Conibeer,Matthew C Beard
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 10 July 2014
GET THIS BOOKAdvanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Photovoltaic systems enable the sun’s energy to be converted directly into electricity using semiconductor solar cells. The ultimate goal of photovoltaic research and development is to reduce the cost of solar power to reach or even become lower than the cost of electricity generated from fossil and nuclear fuels. The power conversion efficiency and the cost per unit area of the phototvoltaic system are critical factors that determine the cost of photovoltaic electricity. Until recently, the power conversion efficiency


Earth-Abundant Materials for Solar Cells

Earth-Abundant Materials for Solar Cells
  • Author : Sadao Adachi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 28 October 2015
GET THIS BOOKEarth-Abundant Materials for Solar Cells

Systematically describes the physical and materials properties of copper-based quaternary chalcogenide semiconductor materials, enabling their potential for photovoltaic device applications. Intended for scientists and engineers, in particular, in the fields of multinary semiconductor physics and a variety of photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices.


Fabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics

The low cost and low temperature electrochemical deposition technique was employed to grow Cu2O thin films and ZnO:Al thin films were deposited by d.c. magnetron sputtering in order to fabricate solar cells. The potentiostatic and galvanostatic electrodeposition modes were used to deposit the Cu2O thin films. Raman spectra of thin films have shown characteristic frequencies of crystalline Cu2O. The contact between Cu2O and Au is found to be an Ohmic contact. The devices grown


Alternative Substrates for Sustainable and Earth-abundant Thin Film Photovoltaics

Alternative Substrates for Sustainable and Earth-abundant Thin Film Photovoltaics
  • Author : Ignacio Becerril Romero
  • Publisher : Anonim
  • Release : 14 April 2021
GET THIS BOOKAlternative Substrates for Sustainable and Earth-abundant Thin Film Photovoltaics

"The development of sustainable energy sources with a high energy return on energy investment (EROI) that can substitute fossil fuels is a must in order to avoid the collapse of our current civilization. In this context, this work explores the feasibility of fabricating efficient Cu2ZnSn(Sx,Se1-x)4 (kesterite) solar cells on three strategic substrates: polyimide, ceramic and SnO2:F-coated soda-lime glass (SLG/FTO). These substrates present several advantages with respect to the standard SLG/Mo. Polyimide is compatible


Sputtering Materials for VLSI and Thin Film Devices

Sputtering Materials for VLSI and Thin Film Devices
  • Author : Jaydeep Sarkar
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 13 December 2010
GET THIS BOOKSputtering Materials for VLSI and Thin Film Devices

An important resource for students, engineers and researchers working in the area of thin film deposition using physical vapor deposition (e.g. sputtering) for semiconductor, liquid crystal displays, high density recording media and photovoltaic device (e.g. thin film solar cell) manufacturing. This book also reviews microelectronics industry topics such as history of inventions and technology trends, recent developments in sputtering technologies, manufacturing steps that require sputtering of thin films, the properties of thin films and the role of sputtering


Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Thin Films for Photovoltaics

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide Thin Films for Photovoltaics
  • Author : Jonathan J. Scragg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 01 September 2011
GET THIS BOOKCopper Zinc Tin Sulfide Thin Films for Photovoltaics

Jonathan Scragg documents his work on a very promising material suitable for use in solar cells. Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide (CZTS) is a low cost, earth-abundant material suitable for large scale deployment in photovoltaics. Jonathan pioneered and optimized a low cost route to this material involving electroplating of the three metals concerned, followed by rapid thermal processing (RTP) in sulfur vapour. His beautifully detailed RTP studies – combined with techniques such as XRD, EDX and Raman – reveal the complex relationships between


Electronic Characterisation of Earth‐Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics

Electronic Characterisation of Earth‐Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics
  • Author : Thomas James Whittles
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 31 July 2018
GET THIS BOOKElectronic Characterisation of Earth‐Abundant Sulphides for Solar Photovoltaics

This book examines the electronic structure of earth-abundant and environmentally friendly materials for use as absorber layers within photovoltaic cells. The corroboration between high-quality photoemission measurements and density of states calculations yields valuable insights into why these materials have demonstrated poor device efficiencies in the vast literature cited. The book shows how the materials’ underlying electronic structures affect their properties, and how the band positions make them unsuitable for use with established solar cell technologies. After explaining these poor efficiencies,


Advanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics

Advanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 25 May 2019
GET THIS BOOKAdvanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics

Nanomaterials are becoming increasingly important photovoltaic technologies from absorbers to contacts. This book is dedicated to describing the novel materials and technologies for photovoltaics that derive from these new and novel approaches in solar technologies. We have collected a set of renowned experts in their respective fields as authors and their expertise covers a broad set of areas including novel oxides, quantum dots, CZTS and organic solar cells, as well as light management and reliability testing. The organization of the


Materials Processing Technology, ICAMMP2011

Materials Processing Technology, ICAMMP2011
  • Author : Xiang Hua Liu,Zheng Yi Jiang,Jing Tao Han
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 06 December 2011
GET THIS BOOKMaterials Processing Technology, ICAMMP2011

These volumes comprise papers, on the topic of “Materials Processing Technology”, selected from the second International Conference on Advances in Materials and Manufacturing (ICAMMP 2011) held on the 16-18th December 2011 in Guilin, China. The 469 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into the chapters: 1: Advanced Engineering Materials, 2: Surface Engineering/Coatings, 3: Materials Forming, Machining and Joining, 4: Laser Processing, 5: Powder Metallurgy and Plastic Deformation, 6: Friction and Wear, 7: Waste-to-Energy, Waste Management and Waste Disposal, 8: CAD/CAE/CAM, 9: Product Design and Development, 10: Other Related Topics.


Thin Film Solar Cells

Thin Film Solar Cells
  • Author : Jef Poortmans,Vladimir Arkhipov
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 16 October 2006
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells

Thin-film solar cells are either emerging or about to emerge from the research laboratory to become commercially available devices finding practical various applications. Currently no textbook outlining the basic theoretical background, methods of fabrication and applications currently exist. Thus, this book aims to present for the first time an in-depth overview of this topic covering a broad range of thin-film solar cell technologies including both organic and inorganic materials, presented in a systematic fashion, by the scientific leaders in the


Terawatt Solar Photovoltaics

Terawatt Solar Photovoltaics
  • Author : Meng Tao
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 07 April 2014
GET THIS BOOKTerawatt Solar Photovoltaics

Solar energy will undoubtedly become a main source of energy in our life by the end of this century, but how big of a role will photovoltaics play in this new energy infrastructure? Besides cost and efficiency, there are other barriers for current solar cell technologies to become a noticeable source of energy in the future. Availability of raw materials, energy input, storage of solar electricity, and recycling of dead modules can all prevent or hinder a tangible impact by


Energy and Environmental Materials II

Energy and Environmental Materials II
  • Author : Yafang Han,Jiatao Zhang,Jianguo Zhu
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 12 March 2015
GET THIS BOOKEnergy and Environmental Materials II

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the Chinese Materials Congress 2014 (CMC 2014), July 4-7, 2014, Chengdu, China. The 89 papers are grouped as follows: Symposium A: Energy Related Composites and Nano-Materials; Symposium B: Photocatalytic Materials and Its Applications In the Field of Energy and Environment; Symposium C: Minerals And Resources, Materials for Oil-Gas Field Engineering, Structure Building Applications; Symposium D: Environment Technologies and Functional Materials, Environmental Emission and Protection


Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells
  • Author : M. Parans Paranthaman,Winnie Wong-Ng,Raghu N. Bhattacharya
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 16 September 2015
GET THIS BOOKSemiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells

This book reviews the current status of semiconductor materials for conversion of sunlight to electricity, and highlights advances in both basic science and manufacturing. Photovoltaic (PV) solar electric technology will be a significant contributor to world energy supplies when reliable, efficient PV power products are manufactured in large volumes at low cost. Expert chapters cover the full range of semiconductor materials for solar-to-electricity conversion, from crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon to cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium sulfide selenides, dye sensitized